India & China- Military Comparison is on while clash of Army
The unclear border between India and China has been volatile within the better of times and over the past few weeks, things have only taken an uglier turn. In eastern Ladakh, a skirmish between the troops broke out as India accused China of violating the unresolved frontier and challenging and obstructing the Indian patrol party.
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and National Security Advisor Ajit Doval are monitoring things and India has made its position clear – it’ll still “defend its interests resolutely” and still build infrastructure on the brink of the boundary inside Indian territory.
The Indian Army has moved its battalions of three Infantry Divisions, based in Leh, forward but the country is additionally trying to find a fast diplomatic resolution.
|Image byJai Bhutani from pixabay.com|
Significantly, Chinese President Xi Jinping also asked the People’s Liberation Army to proportion battle preparedness during the parliamentary session being held in Beijing.
Despite the escalation in tensions, a physical outbreak of war may be a highly unlikely scenario in contemporary times, with both countries having reached a tacit understanding that more emphasis is required in securing their economies than wasting resources in combat. now is even more pertinent when the COVID -19 pandemic has gripped the planet and countries are battling hard to contain it.
Nevertheless, a tutorial exercise in military comparison are often done.
China and India – A military comparison
China has over 2 million troops employed in active military service compared to 1.3 million on the Indian side. Its defence budget is fourfold at USD 225 billion compared thereto of India, which is approximately USD 55 billion.
China’s tank strength stands at a stupendous 13,000 plus compared to India’s 4,100 plus. And its armoured fighting vehicles are at a staggering 40,000; India pales into insignificance with just over 2,800. Similarly, it’s ten times the rocket projectors at 2050 versus India’s 266.
India & China- Military Comparison
As far as prowess at the ocean cares , China features a total of 714 naval assets compared to 295 of India, with 76 submarines versus 16 owned by India. Our north-eastern neighbour also has 3 times the amount of destroyers at 33 compared with 11 owned by us.
China has managed to supply and deploy a good range of ballistic missiles, starting from short-range missiles to Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs). India’s Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) has also been conducting trials of Prithvi-1 (150 km-range) and Prithvi-2 (250 km-range) ballistic missiles, which are inducted into the soldiers .
Chinese Launch Pads and Air Prowess
China has 3,000 plus total aircraft compared to over 2,000 within the Indian fleet, but importantly, it’s twice the amount of fighters and interceptors. It also has 507 serviceable airports compared to 346 in India.
Since the 1990s, China modernised its air force at a rapid rate. In 1990s, it had 5,000 aircraft but most of the aircraft were obsolete just like the Soviet MiG 19s and MiG 21s. China is now upgrading its fleet into new generation aircraft.
Can China deploy its entire air force on the India-China front? the solution is “no” as per Group Capt (Retd) Ravinder S Chhatwal, former Senior Fellow Centre for aviation Studies, New Delhi, and author of the book ‘The Chinese Air Threat: Understanding the Reality’.
He says, “To launch any air campaign, fighter need to be deployed on the brink of the border, roughly about 200 km to 300 km from the border of your enemy. Against India, China will need to deploy its fighter in Tibet and adjacent airfields in Xinjiang. China has 2,100 combat aircraft but most of them are deployed on its eastern seaboard. they can’t deploy all of them against India due to limited number of airfields in Tibet.”
He further adds, “Now Tibet, unfortunately for them and fortunately for us, may be a high-altitude plateau with mountainous terrain. they need almost five main airfields in Tibet (Kongka Dzong, Hoping, Pangta, Linzhi and Gargunsa) and another two in Xinjiang (Hotan and Kashgar). they’re developing three more airfields in Tibet which are likely to be ready by 2022.”
“Now, the second point is that to hold out sustained fighter operations, airfields need to be mutually supporting. By mutually supporting, I mean, that if you’re taking faraway from an airfield there should be another airfield nearby within 100 or 200 km, in order that just in case of requirement for diversion etc., you’ve got an alternate airfield….
In the northern Xinjiang sector’s two airfields Hotan and Kashgar – the space between them is 450 km while the space between Hotan and Gargunsa is 550 kms. Hotan to Korla, the space is 750 km in order that they aren’t mutually supportive. In western Tibet, there’s just one airfield, Gargunsa. If Gargunsa is bombed by the Indian Air Force, there’ll be a niche of 1,500 km between Hotan and nearest airfield Hoping.”
Group Capt (Retd) Chhatwal concludes by making a pertinent point: “There is another limitation which they need . within the airfield, once you park aircraft for fighter operations, they need to be in blast protected shelters – concrete shelters. China doesn’t have any blast protected shelters at any of the airfields. After Doklam they need realised their mistake and have now started building these in Kongka Dzong (Lhasa) airfield.”