Everything About China you should know in 2020
|Image by Tumisu from Pixabay|
Each of those areas has their own passports, currency language and even government.
Then you have the strange 6 economic zones,
which, even though they do not have their own autonomy,
they have flexible government regulation and free market policies
that allow them to manage business transactions in a more liberal manner.
These zones are cities along the coast and therefore the entire island region of Hainan,
otherwise known as the Hawaii of China.
Ha! Thought that was heavy?
Now things are gonna get really ugly.
Now, if there’s one thing China knows the way to do, it’s getting people’s attention and not during a ..
And a method to urge attention is by making territory disputes.
Let’s just get the most important one off of our chests -Taiwan.
It’s called Chinese Taipei.
Taiwan… is during a weird jurisdiction limbo with China,
because both sides kind of technically claim sovereignty over the other.
As in mainland China claims they own Taiwan,
yet Taiwan believes, ultimately, that they’re the only proprietor of the whole mainland also .
It all had to do with the Chinese civil war and the opposing political parties,
The communist party took over the mainland and the nationalist party took over Taiwan.
Now we go inland.
Sometimes China and India are like two monstrous titans slamming into one another at high velocity.
It’s very difficult to really approach this topic without somebody getting angry or upset,
so I’m just gonna report the plain and straightforward claims as they stand,
and you make the decisions, okay?
That way, the worst that you can do is say:
although not directly advocating,
mentioned claims to one side of an argument that I do not agree with.”
In the east we reach Arunachal Pradesh,
which is to the present day just about a state of India,
however, China still believes it’s a part of south Tibet.
In the Uttarakhand area by Tibet,
you have the Niti Pass by Chamoli and the Valley of Jadh Ganga.
In Pradesh, you’ve got the Reo Purgyil mountains and therefore the Spiti River valley,
and finally we reach Jammu and Kashmir,
a.k.a. the most messed up no man’s land in the entire planet.
Here, China lays claim to the Shaksgam Valley,
the Fukche valley, the mouth of the river by Chumar,
and the largest chunk of highlands – the Aksai Chin region,
which Chinese national highway 2-19 passes through.
In addition, further up north, just about all of Tajikistan’s southeast border with China is disputed.
and then we reach the Spratly Islands.
In the South China Sea, things get really messy.
Imagine, if you’ll , a bunch of individuals walking towards one another ,
each one on their phones watching pictures of Bob Saget,
and then suddenly all of them encounter one another , and see a pile of cash on the bottom right at their feet.
They drop their phones and immediately lunge for the pile,
disagreeing on whose money is whose, and how much belongs to which person.
That’s the Spratly Islands!
Essentially, these islands are claimed by 5 separate countries in area,
6, if you consider Taiwan sovereign,
and the whole deal is simply a huge mess of convoluted claim squabbling.
This is what the Philippines’ claims.
This is Vietnam’s, Brunei’s, Malaysia’s,
and then China just kinda does this.
Basically the Spratlys are an international battle royale,
and when one side doesn’t really pay attention to one island that they claim,
another side sweeps in and builds a military station.
It gets ugly sometimes.
Oh, yeah, and there’s a cluster of rocks called the Diaoyu or the Senkaku islands
that both China and Japan both think is theirs.Alright! That’s it!
Kind of. I mean, we didn’t really mention the entire North Korea thing,
and how the entire country operates under one time zone,
but we’ll just have to save that for a social media comment war.
In the meantime, we gotta get this gravy train rolling.
China may be a big big country, so naturally you’re gonna get deep geographic divisions everywhere ,
but generally , if you check out China from space,
you’ll notice that the east is significantly greener than that of the arid, rocky north and west.
Situated right the eastern third of the Eurasian landmass,
China’s inner and coastal domain is quite shielded by this arid, sparsely populated highlands
in the south-west, west and north, encapsulating the fertile lowlands inside.
This is partially why it took Europeans so long to develop solid ties and interactions with the east.
I mean, sure, the Silk Road had existed for hundreds of years prior,
but crossing all the mountains and deserts and rocky passes was less favorable to sea exploration for them.
And by the way, no,
Marco Polo didn’t bring the concept of pasta to Italy by bringing back Chinese noodles from his travels.
Pasta had already existed in the Mediterranean for centuries prior to the excursion.
China features a vast domain of biodiversity and climate;
the west and north will be radically different from the coast and south.
So let’s start with the inland and coast.
On the side of China and therefore the coasts, you’ve got the heavily populated alluvial plains that are generally flat,
with numerous spots for shipping and harbours and beaches with the cool looking ones,
like Panjin Red Beach that blossoms every autumn.
Head a touch bit north, up to the provinces of Jilin and Heilongjiang, and half Inner Mongolia
along the borders of Russia and North Korea, and you hit the coldest spot in all of China.
In fact, every year the city of Harbin, ice city
has a huge ice sculpting festival that pulls in many tourists within the winter months.
Fun fact: this general area of China was commonly mentioned as Manchuria within the past,
named after the Manchu people, which is where the Fu Manchu moustache gets its name from,
which is where I get back to the video.
Head a touch east, and you reach the remainder of the Inner Mongolian autonomous region,
which is dominated by the Mongolian plateau, which may be a highland consisting of dry steppes, hills,
and yes, the Gobi , which, fun side note: is where all those beautiful caravan raiding and
gimme back my comb or I will kill you chasing scenes from Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon were filmed.
Head a little west, and things get a little more intense.
Congratulations, you’ve reached the largest subdivision in China – the Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region.
This is basically the wild west of China.
At over 1 and a half million square kilometers, only about 5% of the area is fit for human habitation.
This area is strange, rocky, rugged, mountainous, and loaded with oil,
making it China’s largest gas producing region.
Then you head a touch south, and you reach the strange Taklamakan desert or the “cold desert”.
This huge basin of shifting sand dunes is nearly completely surrounded by the snow-capped mountains
trapping in the frigid winds, however, it still lies in the rain shadow zone,
so it rarely receives any precipitation.
However, the funny thing is: if you look closely, you’ll see the ice melt from the Tian Shan
and Kunlun within the north and south feeding into the valleys below by the desert,
until they create a dry riverbed that looks like a strange Angeline Jolie forehead vein in the desert.
Head south, then we reach the foremost notable autonomous region – the Tibetan plateau.
As the highest region on earth, with a mean elevation of nearly 5,000 meters / 16,000 feet,
this area is situated on the Himalayan Mountains, the tallest mountain range on the planet,
and the tallest mountain in the world – Mount Everest – straddles the border with Nepal.
The funny thing is, the Tibetan plateau, and to some extent, the Qinghai province,
is so high that the snow melt runoff doesn’t really have much to go in the arid north,
so it just kind of flows into the empty crevices,
creating China’s largest network of freshwater lakes speckled throughout the entire area,
including the largest lake in China – Qinghai Lake.
Many speculate that these are actually the sources of many of the major rivers in China,
including the Yellow and Yangtze [rivers].
Then we get to the southeast, by the provinces of Yunnan, Guangxi and Guandong
as the warmest regions in the country.
These areas are home to some of the most picturesque rock forest and eroded mountain landscapes
with the terraced rice paddies that have literally usurped the entire surface area of hills and mountains.
This is also the only place where you can find the creepy Snub-nosed monkey.
When you head inland, you reach the rural areas,
and you’ll encounter the vast network of rivers and creeks that
irrigate the endless endless crop fields that never end, with the occasional pine and bamboo forest.
Here’s where we have to address a little bit of reality.
Yes, China is loaded with beautiful scenery unmatched anywhere else within the world.
I mean, the setting for ‘Avatar’ was inspired by the Zhangjiajie park ,
however, a bit like the other major state, they are doing have their land controversies.
China has been trying really hard to crack down on its poaching,
and especially against the endangered species,
like the black-necked crane, the golden monkey, and in fact ,
the iconic mascot of the nation – the giant panda bear.
On top of that, China has quite pollution problem;
the Chinese Ministry of Health has stated that
industrial pollution has made cancer China’s leading explanation for death.
This is both attributed to the air and land pollution.
They’ve tried their best to combat the issue with instituting strict regulations, and fines and bans,
but with the population as big as China,
it’s proven incredibly difficult to manage contamination maintenance.
Now let’s talk about the most controversial aspect of China, the…
Alright, here we go, I’m probably not gonna feel this nervous until we get to the Israel video,
or the country that must not be named
Let’s talk about the people of China.
With a population around 1.4 billion people,
China is the world’s most populous country with around 19% of the entire world’s population.
About one out of each five people on the earth is Chinese.
Let me just emphasize exactly how big that is.
In China, they need traffic jams which will last not only hours, but days…on 50-lane highways.
In China, albeit you’re one during a million, there are still 1,400 people exactly a bit like you.
Seriously though, China is packed.
However, with the colossal population comes an endlessly broad spectrum
of culture, traditions, people groups, customs and lifestyles.
China officially recognizes about 56 different ethnic people groups that inhabit the whole country.
At about 90%, the most important majority of the population identifies as Han Chinese,
and the remainder of the population typically falls within one among the various ethnic groups and therefore the refore the subdivision groups;
the largest ones being the Zhuang, the Hui, the Manchu and the Uyghur.
there are literally about twice as many Mongols living in China than there are literally in Mongolia itself.
The interesting thing is that they really write within the traditional vertical Mongol script
that as about been abandoned from regular Mongolia since the introduction of the Cyrillic alphabet within the 40’s.
You can even find the normal characters on street signs and stores within the region.
When it involves the population, you would like to understand about the imaginary Heihe-Tengchong line.
This is a line drawn diagonally from the northern city of Heihe all the thanks to Tengchong within the south,
and about 94% of the whole country’s population lives east of this line.
The official language of China is Mandarin or Putonghua, however, like mentioned before,
regional languages exist and they are even allowed to publish and utilize their own scripts publicly .
You can find the largest linguistic contrast in the autonomous regions.
The Zhuang language is spoken in the Guangxi autonomous region,
and is really closer to the Thai and Lao languages with some mutual affection ,
the only problem is that it’s written in the Latin alphabet.
Just like we mentioned within the Bhutan video, the Tibetan language is closer to the Bhutanese Dzongkha language,
and is written with the Tibetan syllabary which is actually closer to the scripts found in India and Nepal.
The Uyghurs of the north write in an Arabic based orthography ,
and it’s crazy because these people are literally the smallest amount Chinese-looking people altogether of China,
as they’re Turkic in their heritage, yet they still have Chinese citizenship,
and most are ready to a minimum of pull a conversation in Mandarin as a second language.
Then, of course, we get to one of the most widely known dialects – Cantonese – spoken mostly in the south
spoken mostly within the south within the Guangdong , also as Hong Kong and Macao;
propagated worldwide through the assistance of famous Hong Kong cinema and tv .
One thing you need to understand is that many of these dialects are completely unintelligible to Mandarin.
The weird thing is that they all still use an equivalent Chinese character orthography ,
so albeit you do not understand one another , you’ll still communicate with writing.
Fun little side note: an equivalent thing even sometimes applies for Japan,
as they use the Kanji writing system, which is made up of Chinese characters all over.
Culture-wise, there’s an excessive amount of to hide and that i won’t be ready to address everything,
but basically the Chinese have an incredibly long history of vibrant, exuberanting customs,
traditions, rituals, dynasties, discoveries, inventions, wars, alliances,
art, building, food, apparel, policies and beliefs.
And the list goes on and on.
To even attempt to scratch the surface,
we would have to make over a hundred episodes.
One thing that sort of is universal, though, is that the Chinese have a really hard-working diligent sort of
social construct that looms over the entire population.
Students can typically spend about 12 hours each day on school work and studying
in order to pass college entrance exams, which is a huge deal!
Oh, and they absolutely love practicing English, in fact,
there are literally more people in China that talk English as a second language than there are within the UK.
Some children that show signs of being gifted in certain academic, athletic and artistic progress
are even selected by the state to undergo training at specific academies that cater towards
targeting on honing those skills.
Speaking of which, the country operates under a one-party socialist state.
But I thought China was communist!
Ehh, not really, I mean, yes, the ruling party is called the “Communist Party”,
and they do endorse a number of the democratic centralist principles that Lenin proposed,
and they do advocate some semi-communist ideologies,
but in all reasonable definitions, China is not a full-on “communist” country.
After the 70’s, policies were relaxed, and China opened up a more free market economy.
Nonetheless, there are still restrictions on press, access to the internet,
although VPNs and proxy servers are not uncommon to avoid that problem,
freedom of assembly and even freedom of religion.
Speaking of which, China has a stimulating faith-based background.
Although most of the people within the country are generally irreligious,
or adhere to traditional faiths and ideologies like Confucianism and Taoism,
there are still a surprisingly solid community of individuals that have faith backgrounds.
Islam are often mostly found within the west within the Xianjiang and Ningxia areas.
Buddhism is more prevalent within the south, where you’ll find massive Buddha statues,
like the ones carved in the cliff of Leshan.
But then you get this weird anomaly and realise,
There’s a huge influx of Christians that suddenly just came out of nowhere.
China has the world’s fastest growing Christian population,
and demographers speculate that somewhere around 150 to 200 million people identify as Christians in China.
It is soon projected that in but 15 years, China are going to be the world’s largest Christian nation.
Sociologists attribute this sudden rapid climb simply to conversion,
since the previously instated one-child policy discredits the possibility of big families.
Speaking of which, that whole one-child policy thing was revoked in 2015 and now they have a 2-child policy.
we all know that China is big.
In terms of nominal GDP, China has the second largest economy within the world after the U.S.,
they are the world’s largest exporter, trade nation, oil importer, and henceforth,
it’s not hard to essentially conclude that China features a lot of connections.
China has diplomatic relations with almost every single country within the world,
minus some that either never really had the time meet,
or the few that recognise Taiwan sovereignty over the People’s Republic,
which doesn’t really sit well with them.
Nonetheless, trying to investigate China’s diplomatic relations is like one big tousled chess
that makes no sense.
B.R.I.C.S being the acronym for the assocation of the five national emerging economies:
Brazil, Russia, India, China and African country.
These five countries have developed an alliance supported bilateral relations and mutual benefit agreements.
One misconception that lots of individuals have is that China and India don’t get along.
Yes, within the 60’s there was a Sino-Indian War, and yes, the border disputes are all quite still in effect,
but nonetheless, China and India are operating in diplomatic measures for many years,
They are heavily passionate about each other’s trade and business,
and after some high-level visits from the previous president Jiang Zemin within the 90’s,
tensions have eased off quite an bit.
The only problem is that both countries are the most important investors in Africa,
so that kinda puts a touch little bit of competition within the bucket.
When it involves Africa, China was quite like “Eeh, Africa is sort of a really big place
with lots of stuff we could use, with plenty of diplomatic confusion,
so, uhh, maybe we should always step in because the new guys and cut a pander to these Africans.”
To this day, China has really been keeping their eyes on geographical area,
specifically in places like African country, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Angola.
South Africa and Angola being the most important African trading partners with China.
The problem though is that China is reasonably far, and doesn’t really have a coast on the Indian Ocean
for shipment from Africa, so that’s where Pakistan comes in.
Pakistan has actually been one amongst the closest friends and allies of China
since the start of the Economic Reform period.
Not only do they provide China access to the Indian Ocean from the ports of Gwadar,
they frequently collaborate on energy, technology and even military agreements,
which kind of is smart just in case if tensions ever rose with India ever again.
Funny enough, Israel is additionally a detailed ally of China as well;
during WWII, Shanghai took in many Jewish refugees,
and Israel was the primary country within the Mideast
to recognise the PRC because the legitimate government of China.
Which is weird, because China also has ties to Iran and lots of other nations within the geographic region
that could care less for Israel,
in fact, trade between China and also the Mideast goes way back millennia all the thanks to the Silk Road,
so it’s nothing new for them.
Russia is perhaps the closest European ally,
even though the Sino-Soviet split within the 60’s kinda caused a touch little bit of dissension,
but nonetheless, the 2 have learned to reasonably shrug it off and get together again.
Russia, to the present day, is additionally the most important oil exporter to China,
and there’s even alittle community of Russians living in China, mostly in Harbin within the north.
Which is weird, again, because China’s relations with the U.S. are pretty crucial too.
The U.S. is China’s largest trade partner and plays a pivotal role in China’s revenue input.
They are friends with both North and Asian country, however with all the nuke action occurring,
China has been less and fewer supportive of Asian country,
and has even threatened to impose sanctions against them.
In conclusion, since the start of its conception, China has always been able to show the planet
that it knows the way to cause you to comprehend it and now that you just realize it
you have no idea what proportion still must know.